Nguyễn Thị Thu Hậu1,, Nguyễn Minh Châu2, Đoàn Thị Ngọc Hân2, Trần Quỳnh Hương1, Trần Thị Thảo Sương1, Nguyễn Hoàng Phong1, Đoàn Thị Bảo Thuý1, Nguyễn Thị Tuyết Dung1
1 Bệnh viện Nhi đồng 2, thành phố Hồ Chí Minh
2 Khoa Y tế Công cộng, trường Đại học Y Dược thành phố Hồ Chí Minh

Nội dung chính của bài viết

Tóm tắt

Aims: To determine the rate of weight loss and the relationship between weight loss, length of hospital stay, and treatment response in pneumonia patients aged 6-60 months treated at Children's Hospital 2 (CH2).

Methods: A hospital cross-based prospective study was conducted on 208 patients aged 6-60 months diagnosed with pneumonia and treated as inpatients at the Respiratory Department 1 and 2 of CH2 from March to April 2024.

Results: The rates of weight loss after 3 days, after 7 days of hospitalization, and at discharge were 27.6%, 38.1%, and 38.0% respectively. The length of hospital stay for children with weight loss ≥ 5% after 3 days of hospitalization and at discharge was longer than for those with weight loss < 5%, and this difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Children with weight loss ≥ 5% after 3 days of hospitalization and at discharge had a poorer treatment response compared to children with weight loss < 5% [(RR (95%CI)= 5.88 (1.71-20.1) and RR (95%CI)= 4.86 (1.95-12.1), respectively (p=0.025 and p=0.001).

Conclusion: Regulary monitoring children's weight during treatment and providing nutritional support to prevent excessive weight loss is essential to improve the treatment process and the hospital stay.

Chi tiết bài viết

Tài liệu tham khảo

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