Nội dung chính của bài viết
Aims: To determine the nutritional status and the dietary intake of inpatient children with lower respiratory infections.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 106 children aged under 5 years admitted to the Pediatric Department of the National Lung Hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam, from August to December 2018. Body weight, height/length were measured; nutritional status was evaluated by using World Health Organization criteria and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA). Dietary intake was daily recorded during the first week of hospitalization.
Results: The prevalence of malnutrition was 30.1%, 25.7%, and 17.8% respectively for underweight, stunting and wasting. According to the SGA, 20% of the patients were at risk for malnutrition. From the first day to seventh day of hospitalization, the rate of chidlren given 100% of requirement had a fluctuating upward trend from 30% to 40% in energy intake and from 66% to 84% in protein intake; the rates of energy intake under 80% of requirement were from 31% to 54% in patients, while the rates of protein intake over 1.5-fold requirement were from 37% to 50% in patients.
Conclusions: The study indicated the alarmingly high prevalence of malnutrition in children aged under 5 years and the contrast between under energy intake and over protein intake in the hospitalized children.
Chi tiết bài viết
lower tract respiratory infection, pediatric patients, SGA, malnutrition, dietary intake
Tài liệu tham khảo
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